院校  专业  考研成绩查询入口

 400-6300-966

首页 报考指导 名校备考 复习指南 招生简章 招生目录 参考书目 历年真题 分数线 报录比 成功经验
您现在的位置: 首页 > 考研英语 > 正文

考研英语:阅读真题来源杂志经济学人之尼日利亚完了?

来源:中公考研 | 2019-01-10 10:54:53

  以下是中公经济学考研小编为大家整理的“考研英语:阅读真题来源杂志经济学人之尼日利亚完了?”的相关内容,希望对考研的同学有所帮助,一起来看看吧!

  Nigeria

  尼日利亚

  Why northerners feel done down

  为何感觉完了?

  A terrorist insurgency has deepened a poor region'salready grave problems

  恐怖叛乱—贫困的北方雪上加霜

  THE roads are thick with traffic and pavementsthrong with hawkers selling phonecards, sunglasses and leather sandals. At night, streetcorners are lit up with a red glow from grills cooking spicy meat. But the bustle of Kano,Nigeria's second-biggest city and the commercial capital of the north, masks anuncomfortable reality: northern Nigeria is in steep decline.

  主干道上交通甚忙,人行道上也挤满了小摊小贩,有卖电话卡的、太阳镜的、还有皮革凉鞋的。到了晚上,街头摆满了烧烤架,红红的炭火甚是明亮。但是尽管卡诺是尼日利亚第二大城市和北方商业省会城市,这些喧闹的景象掩盖了不争的事实:北尼日利亚猛走下坡路。

  An increasingly bloody insurgency waged by Boko Haram, an Islamist terrorist group, hassharpened frustration over the disparity between the jobless north and the oil-rich south. Inrecent months Kano has been relatively stable, following a military offensive to contain theterrorists. But though the pause in violence has brought people back onto the streets, theyhave rediscovered other problems. “Stoves are gone, people selling beer have gone, there is nomarket, there are few customers and I haven't been able to save any money in months,” saysChineu Abason, sitting in her wooden-shack restaurant in Sabon Gari, a mainly Christiandistrict, where Boko Haram bombs have killed scores of people this year (see picture above).

  博科圣地是一个伊斯兰教恐怖组织,他们的叛乱越来越残忍,这让本失业人数众多的北方与油多富有的南方差距更大了。最近几个月里,军队打击并牵制恐怖分子,卡诺相对稳定多了。但是,尽管叛乱暂时平息,人们重新回到了街道上,新的问题又来了。“我们没有炉子,没人卖酒,没有销售,顾客也很少,这几个月里我都没存到钱。”Chineu Abason坐在她自己木棚餐厅里说道。她的餐厅在Sabon Gari,这儿大多数人信奉基督教,仅今年就要大量民众丧生在博科圣地轰炸下。

  The fear of terrorism continues to cast a long shadow over the city and across the north.Bombings, kidnappings and bloody assaults by Boko Haram, as well as the army's efforts tokeep a lid on the fighting, have deterred investment. Farming, the north's main source ofincome, has been hamstrung. Consumer-goods companies say that insecurity has forced themto retreat from some areas. Commercial drivers say dangerous roads and military checkpointsadd 5-10% to their costs.

  整个城市以至北方都沉浸在恐怖主义的恐惧中。不断有来自博科圣地的轰炸、绑架和血腥袭击,还有军队奋力回击抑制恐怖势力,这让人们打消了投资的念头。作为北方最主要的收入来源的农业也因此荒废。一些日用品公司称因局势不安,他们在很多地区都撤回了公司。商务车司机说因危险路段以及军事检查点,他们的驱车成本都增加了5-10%。

  Despite a construction boom across Nigeria, many foreign companies avoid the north. InFebruary seven employees of Setraco, an international construction company, were abductedin Bauchi state by Ansaru, a group that splintered from Boko Haram, prompting an immediateshutdown of the firm's operations up north. PZ Cussons, the maker of Imperial Leather soap,and Guinness Nigeria are hanging on but have been hit by the conflict, too.

  虽然建设热潮风靡整个尼日利亚,但是大多数外企自然而然地避开了北方。二月份,国际建筑公司Setraco的七名员工在包奇州遭到博科圣地分支组织安萨鲁绑架,这立即导致公司北上的运营全部瘫痪。皇皮革浴肥皂制造商卡森国际和英国吉尼斯黑啤虽然站住了阵脚,但也不免受到了冲击。

  Even before Boko Haram's insurgency intensified nearly three years ago, the north wasstruggling. Unreliable electricity, cheap Chinese imports, smuggling and counterfeit goods havemade life hard for local companies. Vast spaces on Kano's edges have become industrialgraveyards. In rural areas the picture is bleaker still. Poor education puts off investors seekingskilled labour. Whereas the literacy rate in Lagos, Nigeria's commercial capital on the coast, is92%, in Kano it is 49%. In the north-eastern state of Borno, where Boko Haram got going, it is15%. Without better education, the region will struggle to attract investment or create jobs.The malaise is a useful recruiting tool for terrorists, as well as politicians with their eye on thetop.

【责任编辑:朱新慧】

相关阅读

  考研英语 经济学人
热门课程 数学 政治 英语 专业课

猜你需要的课程

考研一对一辅导
授课方式 :面授
简介:半封闭式管理+贴心的教学服务+TOP教学体系

在线咨询了解详情

在职考研协议班
授课方式: 面授
简介:24小时在线答疑,时间地点自主选!学习管理+生活/心情管理

在线咨询了解详情

乐学周末面授班
授课方式 : 线上面授结合
简介:专为大三在校生打造:线上网络课程+线下集体面授

在线咨询了解详情

全程协议班
课时 : 195
课程内容:考研数学三全程协议班

¥1080.00在线咨询报名入口

数学三全程班
课时 : 195
课程内容:考研数学三全程班

¥980.00在线咨询报名入口

数学一全程班
课时 : 203
课程内容:考研数学一全程班

¥980.00在线咨询报名入口

全程协议班
课时 : 128
课程内容:考研政治全程协议班

¥1080.00在线咨询报名入口

政治全程班
课时 : 128
课程内容:考研政治全程班

¥980.00在线咨询报名入口

政英协议班
课时 : 315
课程内容:考研政英联报协议班

¥1560.00在线咨询报名入口

英语基础班
课时 : 50
课程内容:考研英语基础班

¥499.00在线咨询报名入口

英一全程班
课时 : 222
课程内容:考研英语一全程班

¥980.00在线咨询报名入口

乐学高端班
课时 : 214
课程内容:2019考研英语一零基础词汇突破班

¥6100.00在线咨询报名入口

经济学精品班
课时 : 108
课程内容:2019经济学精品班:宏观经济学+微观经济学

¥1580在线咨询报名入口

经济学全科精品班
课时 : 633
课程内容:经济学精品班+政治全程+英一全程+数三全程

¥3040在线咨询报名入口

在职人协议班
课时 : 695
课程内容:2019考研宏观经济学串讲班-高鸿业

¥4980.00在线咨询报名入口


热点关注 

精彩活动 

考研工具 

招考信息 

院校动态| 招简| 目录| 大纲| 分数线| 报录比

复习备考 

名校备考 复习指南 参考书目 成功经验 历年真题

快速查询